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Union Budget-2023-25| Amendments in Indirect Tax- GST & Custom

Union Budget-2023-25| Amendments in Indirect Tax- GST & Custom

The indirect tax imposed on goods or services forms a significant part of government revenue and it also has a direct impact on inflation as it increases or decreases the cost of products. Therefore, changes in indirect tax form a significant part of the Union budget, and the entire industry keeps a close watch on the same.

First Union Budget of �Amrit Kal� has been a box of plus and minus, wherein the government raised the price of certain products and made some products economical. Further, among multiple GST council meetings, hundreds of notifications, and circulars, the Union budget bought certain changes in Goods and Service tax as well.

Here is a summary of amendments proposed by the Union Budget in GST and customs:

A. Goods and Service Tax (GST)

1. Extension of Composition Scheme to taxpayer selling through e-commerce operator

  • As per Section 10(2) and (2A) of CGST Act, a registered person engaged in making supply of goods through e-commerce operators is not entitled to opt for composition scheme.
  • Union budget has proposed to extend the facility of composition scheme to such dealers as well.

2. Maximum time limit specified to file GST Returns

  • Till date, a registered person is allowed to file pending GST returns (GSTR-1, GSTR-3B, GSTR-9, GSTR-9C or any other GST returns) with applicable interest and penalties without any limit of period.
  • Union budget has proposed to impose time limit of 3 years from due date for filing of following returns:
    • GSTR-1: Return of outward supplies
    • GSTR-3B: Return of summary of outward and inward supplies and corresponding tax payable
    • GSTR-9: Annual return
    • GSTR-9C: ITC Reconciliation
    • GSTR-8: TCS Return
  • Such a period of 3 years can be further extended by the government.

3. ITC Denied on goods or services procured for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

  • Union budget, 2023-24 has proposed to restrict the ITC on goods and services procured for Corporate Social Responsibility.
  • However, so far, companies are entitled to take such ITC unless the same is restricted under any other clause.

4. Penalties on e-commerce operators (Section 122 of CGST Act)

  • Specific penalty provisions has been incorporated for e-commerce operator if it:
    • Allows supply of goods or services by unregistered person through it, other than persons who are specially exempted, or
    • Allows inter-State supply of goods or services or both by a person who is not eligible to make such supply; or
    • Fails to furnish correct information in TCS return
  • Defaulting e-commerce operator shall be liable to pay penalty of higher of following amounts:
    • INR 10,000; or
    • Amount of tax involved

5. Amendments on offenses and Compounding provisions

  • Following offenses has been decriminalized under section 132 of CGST Act:
    • obstructs or prevents any officer in the discharge of his duties under this Act;
    • tampers with or destroys any material evidence or documents;
    • fails to supply any information which he is required to supply under this Act
  • The minimum and maximum amounts for compounding of offences reduced to 25 per cent and 100 per cent of tax involved, respectively.

6. Other Amendments:

  1. It has been clarified that Entry No. 7, High seas sales, and Entry No. 8, supply of goods from bonded warehouses before clearance for home consumption, are effective from 01.07. 2017 itself. Further, no refund shall be granted of tax collected in pursuance of such entries so far.
  2. In definition of �online information and database access or retrieval services� (�OIDAR�), condition of �essentially automated and involving minimal human intervention� has been removed.
  3. Where both supplier and recipients are located in India, place of supply In case of transportation of goods to outside India was �designation of goods�. Such provision has been omitted and now in such case, place of supply will be:
    1. B2B Supplies: Location of Recipient of service
    2. B2C Supplies: Place where goods are handed over for transportation
  4. Power granted to prescribe the manner and conditions for computation of interest in case of delayed refunds.
  5. Power is granted to the GST portal to share information provided by taxpayers with other systems notified by the Government. Such details to be shared post obtaining consent of supplier/recipient as applicable. 


Finance Bill, 2023 has provided for increase/decrease in Basic Custom Duty rate of many products resulting in making goods costlier or economicals. Revised rates were made effective from 02.02.2023.

To encourage the �Make in India� campaign and give a boost to domestic manufacturing and enhance exports, the government has proposed changes in the rate of import duties. Some products are made costlier like artificial jewelry, Toys, rubbers, electric chimney etc. and on the contrary tax rate was reduced on some products such as automobiles.

1. Key changes in Tariff Rate (effective from 02.02.2023):

S. No.Heading, sub- heading tariff itemCommodityEarlier Rate Proposed Rate
12902 50 00Styrene252.5%
22903 21 00Vinyl Chloride Monomer252.5%
34005Compounded Rubber10%25% or Rs. 30 per kg., whichever is lower
  Gems and Jewellery Sector  
47113, 7114Articles of precious metals20%25%
57117Imitation Jewellery20% or Rs. 400 per kg., whichever is higher25% or Rs. 600 per kg., whichever is higher
  Electrical Goods  
68414 60 00Electric Kitchen Chimney7.5%15%
  Automobiles and Toys  
78712 00 10Bicycles30%35%
89503Toys and parts of toys (other than parts of electronic toys)60%70%

2. Changes in Basic Customs Duty (to be effective from 02.02.2023):

S. No.HSNCommodityEarlier Rate Proposed Rate
  Agricultural Products and By Products  
10802 99 00Pecan nuts100%30%
21504 20Fish lipid oil for use in manufacture of aquatic feed30%15%
31520 00 00Crude glycerin for use in manufacture of Epichlorohydrin7.5%2.5%
42102 20 00Algal Prime (flour) for use in manufacture of aquatic feed30%15%
52207 20 00Denatured ethyl alcohol for use in manufacture of industrial chemicals5%NIL
62301 20Fish meal for use in manufacture of aquatic feed 15%5%
72301 20Krill meal for use in manufacture of aquatic feed15%5%
82309 90 90Mineral and Vitamin Premixes for use in manufacture of aquatic feed 15%5%
92529 22 00Acid grade fluorspar (containing by weight more than 97% of calcium fluoride)5%2.5%
102710 12 21, 2710 12 22, 2710 12 29Naphtha1%2.5%
  Gems and Jewellery Sector  
117102, 7104Seeds for use in manufacturing of rough lab-grown diamonds5%Nil
127106Silver (including silver plated with gold or platinum), unwrought or in semimanufactured forms, or in powder form7.5%10%
137106Silver Dore6.1%10%
  IT, Electronics   
1425, 28, 32, 39, 40, 69, 73, 85 Specified chemicals/items for manufacture of Pre-calcined Ferrite Powder7.5%Nil
153824 99 00Palladium Tetra Amine Sulphate for manufacture of parts of connectors7.5%Nil
16Any ChapterCamera lens and its inputs/parts for use in manufacture of camera module of cellular mobile phone2.5%Nil
178529Specified parts for manufacture of open cell of TV panel5%2.5%
  Electronic appliances  
188516 80 00Heat Coil for use in the manufacture of Electric Kitchen Chimneys 20%15%
198703Vehicle (including electric vehicles) in Semi-Knocked Down (SKD) form30%35%
208703Vehicle in Completely Built Unit (CBU) form , other than with CIF more than USD 40,000 or with engine capacity more than 3000 cc for petrolrun vehicle and more than 2500 cc for diesel-run vehicles, or with both60%70%
218703Electrically operated Vehicle in Completely Built Unit (CBU) form, other than with CIF value more than USD 40,00060%70%
2239,40,58,70, 72 73,83,84,85, 87,90Vehicles, specified automobile parts/components, sub-systems and tyres when imported by notified testing agencies for the purpose of testing and/ or certification , subject to conditionsAs Applicable Nil
  Capital Goods  
2384,85Specific capital goods/machinery for manufacture of Lithium ion cell for use in battery of electrically operated vehicle (EVs)As Applicable Nil